Palache, Samuel

(d. 1616)
   Community leader. He was the first person to settle in Amsterdam as a declared Jew, and he obtained authorization for other Jews to settle there. In 1596 he gathered the first minyan in Amsterdam at his home for prayers on the Day of Atonement. He also built the first synagogue in the Netherlands. In 1608 he was appointed ambassador to The Hague by the Moroccan sultan Mulay Zidan, and in 1610 he negotiated an alliance between Morocco and the Netherlands - the first treaty of alliance between Christian and Muslim states. Later he assumed command of a small Moroccan fleet which seized some ships belonging to the King of Spain; he was charged with piracy, but was acquitted.

Dictionary of Jewish Biography. .

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  • Samuel Pallache — (* um 1550 in Fès; † 4. Februar 1616 in Den Haag) war ein jüdisch marokkanischer Kaufmann, Diplomat, Spion, Doppelagent, Pirat und angeblich Mitbegründer der ersten jüdischen Gemeinde Amsterdams. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • PALACHE — (Pallache, Palacio, de Palatio, al Palas, Pallas, Palaggi, Balyash, etc.), family whose name first occurs in Spain as Palyāj. The historian Ibn Dā ūd relates (in his Sefer ha Qabbalah, ed. by G.D. Cohen (1967), 66, no. 64 Eng. sect.), R. Moses… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • PALACHE (Palaggi), ḤAYYIM — (also called by the acronym Ḥabif; 1788–1869), rabbi and ḥakham bashi. Born in Izmir (Smyrna), Palache, a member of the distinguished palache family, was the grandson on his mother s side of Joseph Raphael Ḥazzan (author of Ḥikrei Lev) and was a… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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  • AMSTERDAM — AMSTERDAM, constitutional capital of the netherlands . Ashkenazim until 1795 DEMOGRAPHY AND ECONOMY The beginning The first Ashkenazim arrived in Amsterdam from the end of the 1610s onwards. They left the German countries owing to the Thirty… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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